History

A brief history of the Meres and Mosses landscape

Wem Moss and Whixall Moss in the Meres and Mosses

 

 

  • 299 – 199 million years ago: a Saharan desert landscape with cyclical wet periods.

Today the Permo-Triassic Sandstones underlying the landscape stores groundwater as an underground reservoir. This groundwater resource helps to maintain water levels in the rivers, lakes and wetlands, supporting water dependent ecosystems, as well as providing public drinking water as part of the UK’s second largest aquifer.

 

  • 10,000 years ago - a glacial landscape dominated by ice sheets and meltwater rivers.

Much of the Meres and Mosses Landscape today is made up of a thick blanket of glacial drift that was deposited during the last glacial period over the top of the Permo-Triassic sandstones.

The retreating ice left a hummocky undulating landscape and gouged out basins known as ‘kettle holes’. The hollows and deep depressions subsequently filled with meltwater and rainwater and thus created many of the meres and mosses wetlands present today

 

Find out about the history of peat here


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Did you know?

The area of Fenn's, Whixall and Bettisfield Mosses combined is the third largest area of raised peat bog in Britain. On average, 1 hectare of peatland can store 10 times more carbon than 1 hectare of woodland


What's going on?

News

14
may

Cumbria BogLIFE Project film

Watch the Cumbria BogLIFE film, which highlights the bog restoration techniques we are currently using in the Marches Mosses.

13
feb

Marches Mosses Survey

Tell us what you think about the Marches Mosses.

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Events

21
jul

Bog Detectives

What lives on the Marches Mosses?

22
aug

Bog Art

A walk out onto the bog to look for natural artistic items.